Why does my dog need a specific small breed dog food?

Small dogs are becoming increasingly popular in the UK for a variety of reasons. Pet guardians seek dogs that easily fit into their family life and many look for a dog that is also easier to fit into an urban lifestyle. Small dogs often lead longer lives than larger dogs, with some living to the age of 16. As pet guardians we need to keep our dogs at a healthy weight and provide them with a balanced nutritional diet.

So how does Small Breed dog food differ from regular dog food?

Not all breeds of dogs are the same; this is why different sizes of dogs have different diets. As pet guardians we need to try to understand the key differences when choosing the best food for our fur babies.

Small Breed Dog Food vs Regular Dog Food

There are several differences between small breed dog food and regular dog food. Proportionately, smaller breeds require more food and higher nutrient levels in comparison to larger breeds. Not to mention, during the puppy stage, they have higher metabolic rates. This means they need a calorie surplus diet for correct growth and development. Diets formulated for small breeds have higher energy content and are packed with many nutrients compared with diets designed for medium and large breeds. This is because small breeds have a faster metabolic rate, linked to them having a greater ratio of body surface area to body weight.

Kibble Size

The kibble size for smaller dogs is generally smaller than regular dog food. This is because they have smaller mouths and jaws so the kibble is easier for their gastrointestinal systems to digest. Medium and large dogs usually have larger kibble because their jaws can handle the size of the food.

High-Calorie Content

Small breeds need more calories because they have fast metabolisms and higher energy levels. Because they have much higher energy requirements per kilogram of body weight, they need food with higher calorie content. From the puppy stage to when they reach senior years, smaller dogs require food designed to have the right amount of calories for their active lives. This doesn’t mean that they require more food; the feeding guide on the back of the packaging provides the correct amount of food for a dogs body weight. In comparison, larger dogs eat more, but the food is not as nutritionally dense.


At Addiscotts we feel it's super important to feed all shapes and sizes of furry friends a diet that makes them happy! We have 3 small breed flavours for adult dogs and one especially for small breed puppies too!

Check out our small breed flavours here 😋